Eri or Errandi Silk is a signature fabric from Assam that, due to methods used in its production, is called 'Ahimsa Silk' or the 'Silk of Peace'.
The silk's most noteworthy aspect is that it does not involve the killing of silkworms. The fibre is extracted from open-mouthed cocoons where silkworms are allowed to grow into moths. Unlike other types of silk, the silkworms are not killed to acquire the fibre.
Sericulture for Eri happens predominantly in Assam as the region's humidity and heavy rainfall is conducive for it.
Eri comes from the worm 'Samiacynthiaricini', found in North East of India. These worms mostly feed on the leaves of the castor plant called 'Era'. This is how the fabric derives its name.
Eri has been spun and weaved for nearly a century in Assam. Lore has it that when Gandhi visited Assam, he felt that Assam's heritage was being woven on a loom. The craftsmanship used for producing Eri is a combination of controlled mastery and fluid art.
The Eri silk is derived from a soft, white wooly yarn that is remarkably versatile. Here are a few reasons Eri is the fabric of choice.
There are several factors that contribute towards Eri's large spectrum of uses.
Its natural sheen, earthy finish, and durable qualities makes it an ideal choice for home furnishings such as drapes, bedspreads, bed covers, cushion covers, wall hangings, and quilts.
The traditional use of Eri capitalizes on its thermal qualities and tendency to retain moisture. Therefore, it is used to make shawls, stoles, and jackets.
There is a shift from mass consumption of synthetic materials to mindful consumption of natural fabrics. Technology today has made it possible for Eri to be spun differently, have different textures, and be available in different colors. This makes it easier for designers to adopt Eri in their creations. From baby clothes to traditional sarees to bridal gowns, London designer Tammam exclusively uses sustainable fabrics for her wedding gowns. Eri is a legitimate, stylish option to craft a classic.